Tuesday, August 31, 2010
Monday, August 30, 2010
Sunday, August 29, 2010
Saturday, August 28, 2010
Friday, August 27, 2010
In 1971,many people in the then West Pakistan felt relieved due to the seperation of East Pakistan, because people here were fed up of frequent typhoons there and the need for help.Apparently Bangla desh has more or less solved its typhoon problem by installing appropriate managemeny system and we donot hear much of a routine calamity and destruction,although natures roughness shoul be still there.
In due course Pakistan has emerged as a country with all kinds of afflictions;terrorism,eath-quakes and floods and the problems compuonded due to the familiar but apt cliche of poor governance.Part of the problem could be handled and thus misery reduced by the same proportion due to adequate planning and management.We are today by all measures a high risk country.We have to learn Risk Management.
Risk Management used to be a term specific for hazards in insurance business or credit risk in banking.Today risk management is much more pervasive.Nations indulge in risk analysis as a national security measure and a wide array of stake holders and professionals participate in it. An area ,where classically militaries alone used to dominate the action.Recently Switzerland has made public a similar exercise.
Our business enterprises should also start taking business risks seriously and as a formal business management functions. we frequently come across business closures or heavy losses appreciably reducing networth of companies.Risk management is implicit and built in in all areas of management functions.However what is less common is an itegrated and formal risk analysis and management consisting of identification,assessment,evaluation,mitigation and communication.In the current flood tribulation,communication management has been a major issue and sorce of many undesrved miseries.We have discussed this seperatel under floods.
Business risks could be reduced and losses curtaied by adopting formal risk managent procedures.Medium and large businesses should make a beginning.In many countries adoption and communication of a formal risk management system by public listed companies has become a or comoing to become a legal requirement.There used to be a COSO frame-work of the US and now there is more universal ISO 31000 standard dealing with Enterprize Risk Management.Our management training institutions should also make a beginning in this respect.
In the recent floods many business assetts and infrastructure has also been affected resulting in significant losses to mobile and power companies.Plant siting decisions in the past have not seriously considered and evaluated flooding issues. Seismic designing and legal requirements in this respect are of relatively recent origins.Excessive exposure or market share in a product,sector or geography or technology are the non-physical risk factors.The list can be long and every entities list and its permutations and combinations different:inputs risk of availability,quality and prices and technological develpments in user,product,processes etc;labour risks involving cost,unrests and politics;receivables ,and there concentration in localities ,sectors etc.
One way to mitigate flood risks esp to businesses ang generally public would be flood insurance.In Pakistan flood insurance has not yet been introduced.Through flood risk insurance, resources could be mobilised in a regular and predictable way .Flood risk insurance would also bring formalisation into risk mitigation and compensation measures.
Wednesday, August 25, 2010
Extracted from UNDP / PDMA workshop proceedings
• Definition of Flood Control System;
• Types of Flood Forecasts;
• Flood Risk Management-Agencies Involved;
• Flood Control System in place at the National, Provincial and District Level and Its
• Role of District Authorities in disseminating early warning.
Definition of Flood Control System
To forewarn the communities (riverine/nullah/valley) living downstream of the river system/stream/nullah/glacial lake etc. about likelihood of approaching of High or Very High or Exceptionally High discharges for the sake of:
i) Taking real time evacuation /preventive/safety measures on immediate term basis; and
ii) Structural and non-structural measures on medium and long term basis.
Flood Forecasts – For Existing Flood Control System
- Color Coded Qualitative Flood Forecasts;
- Weather/Flood Forecasts;
- Routine Daily Flood Forecasts;
- Significant Flood Forecasts;
- Areal Inundation Flood Forecasts.
Types of Flood Forecasts
· Color Coded Qualitative Flood Forecasts:
Meant to forewarn the frontline flood mitigation authorities regarding the possibility of floods due to arrival of monsoon low/depression in the vicinity of
· Weather/Flood Forecasts:
Such forecasts give a descriptive information on the current and the next 24-hours weather and flood situation
· Routine Daily Flood Forecasts;
It also contains the current and the 24 hours weather and flood situation. But it gives the quantitative information of the magnitude of prevailing and the forecasted flood flows at the maximum number of direct or indirect recipients.
Types of Flood Forecasts
· Significant Flood Forecasts:
It is the forecast of occurrence of a “High” or “Above High” level flood classification at a specific site/locations over a river and/or nullah within the Indus Basin River System
· Areal Inundation Flood Forecasts:
This forecast is issued only when “Exceptionally High Flood” occurs and the areal inundation is forecasted on the basis of hydrodynamic model.
Present Flood Control System – Agencies Involved
1. National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA);
2. Federal Flood Commission (FFC);
4. Flood Forecasting Division (FFD);
6. Four Provincial Irrigation and Power Departments (PIDs);
7. Water and Power Development Authority of
8. Emergency Relief Cell, Cabinet Division,
9. Provincial Flood Relief Departments/PDMAs;
10. SDMA (For AJ&K), similar arrangements for FATA, NA;
12. Police Information Department;
13. Pakistan Forest Department;
15. Information Department;
16. Provincial Communication & Works Departments;
17. Civil Defence;
18. District Administrations/DDMAs
Flood Control System In Place
- Flood Forecasting Division (NFFD), at
- 10-CM QPM Weather Radar System at Sialkot, Lahore & Mangla, 5 CM Weather Radars at Karachi, Rahim Yar Khan, D.I.Khan and Islamabad;
- 90-HF Radio Communication sets for effective rainfall, river flow/stream flow data receipt and transmission;
- Meteoroburst Telecommunication System for improved flood gauging & elemetry through collection of real time hydromet from remote sites and its dissemination;
- Flood Plain maps;
Flood Control System In Place
- Indus Basin Flood Forecasting System (FFS) through Rainfall-Runoff Computer modeling;
- Wireless Network;
- Structural interventions on various primary and secondary rivers;
- Urban Flood Control System;
- Flood Warning Manual;
- Dams Management Committees;
- Coordination Committee at Federal Level.
FLOOD FORECASTING DIVISION,(FFD),
FLOOD FORECASTING DIVISION,
Tracks of Monsoon Low/Depression During
Flood Season 2009 & 2008 (15th June to 15th October)
FLOOD FORECASTING DIVISION,(FFD),
KOT NAINA, JASSAR, RAVI SYPHON, SHAHDARA, BALLOKI, SIDHNAI, BEIN NULLAH AT CHAK AMRU, BEIN NULLAH AT SHAKARGRAH, DEG NULLAH AT Q.S.SINGH, BASSANTAR NULLAH
G.S.WALA, BAKARKE, SULEMANKI, ISLAM, MELSI SYPHON
MARALA, KHANKI, QADIRABAD,
KALABAGH, TAUNSA, MITHANKOT, GHAZIGHAT, CHACHRAN SHRAIF
Tarbela Dam Flood Management Committee
Tarbela Dam Flood Management Committee has been formed for reservoir operation and flood routing to take immediate and on the spot decisions as per SOP. The composition is as under:
- G.M-Tarbela Dam Chairman
- Director-PMO Coordinator
- Chief Engineer (Civil) Tarbela Member
- Chief Engineer (Power Station) Tarbela Member
- R.E (External Works) Barrage Member
- S.E (Survey & Hydrology) Tarbela Member
- S.E (Design & Surveillance) Tarbela Member
- Security Officer Member
Mangla Dam Flood Management Committee
Mangla Dam Flood Management Committee has been formed for reservoir operation and flood routing to take immediate and on the spot decisions as per SOP. The composition is as under:
Ø Chief Engineer-Mangla Chairman
Ø S.E (Hydrology) Member
Ø R.E (Civil) Member
Ø S.E (Surveillance) Member
Ø R.E (Power) Member
Ø Dy. Director (Hydrology) Member
Ø Senior Officer (Security) Member
Coordination Committee At Federal Level
For coordinating the Flood Management and Forecasting Activities with specific reference to avoid flood peak synchronization during flood season following Coordination Committee exists at the federal level:
i) Chief Engineering Adviser/Chairman Convener
Federal Flood Commission
ii) Member (Water), WAPDA Member
iii) Director General - PMD Member
iv) Pak Commissioner for
v) Chairman IRSA Member
vi) Rep. of Director General Engineers, Army Member
Breaching Sections in
In case of Exceptionally High Floods, part of the discharges are escaped by providing breaching on pre-determined sites for safety of the Hydraulic Structure (Bridges & Barrages).
- Total No. of Breaching Sections in
Punjab= 17 No.
- Operated by PID = 12 No.
- Operated by Railway Department = 4 No.
- Operated by Highways Department = 1 No.
Role of District Administration
Following Cycle of responsibilities is in place:
- Issuance of Flood/Weather warning by FFD to all including NDMA/FFC/Provincial Flood Warning Centres etc;
- Issuance of necessary alerts/orders/warning by NDMA to respective PDMAs;
- Issuance of necessary alerts/orders/warning by respective PDMA to respective DDMAs